Wilderness is "Reserva de los Encinos" greatest wealth, since it generates value linked to the intangible heritage that makes up the roots or fondness that connects a certain society, especially with the local population, with natural spaces.
We invite you to live in the forest, to use your senses to appreciate in a comprehensive way and strengthen your body and mind. Listen, smell, observe, touch and taste the natural products. The Flora and Fauna greet you, open your senses to the fullest!
The skin is the sensory organ of touching, and also it's the largest organ of our body with the greatest sensitivity.
The skin is formed by three layers: the dermis, the hypodermis, and the epidermis.
Touching allows you to appreciate the external sensations of cold, heat, pressure, texture, vibration, tingling, as well as the weight that we hold and strength that our muscles exert.
It is so sensitive that even with your eyes closed, all objects, textures, and temperatures can be identified.Did you know...
Touch sensitivity is very common in the animal world, since it informs on everything that comes into direct contact with animals. The skin forms a sort of mantle that covers the entire body, except for the natural orifices, such as the snout, which are covered by mucosa. In some animal species, cold and heat are received by receptors that report to the brain about the change of temperature in the environment, fundamentally, it controls the internal temperature of the body.
In the case of reptiles, their temperature depends largely on environmental heat, for them, it is decisive to select well where they'll live and the hours of exposure to the Sun and shades. Birds and mammals have good insulation because of their diaphanous, colorful feathers, hair and fat. Through the skin, animals feel pain. Many times this is the difference between life and death situations. While sleeping, some species such as birds and mammals need to know the exact position of their bodies and for that, they feature some very special receptors called proprioceptors to help them do it.
Sound are vibrations of air compressions propagated in the form of waves.
In our hearing, sound is propagated to the eardrum. This vibrations are transmitted to a system of small ossicles that amplifies them. The steps in the ear transmits them to a liquid and turn them into an electrical signal that travels along the auditory nerve into the brain.
Listen to every sound that nature gives you and distinguish between the sound of the wind among the pines and Oaks, the displacement of the lizards among the litter, the buzzing of the bees, the singing of the birds.Did you know...
For felines (puma, lynx) y mamíferos grandes, medianos y pequeños (deer, coyote, squirrels, cacomixtle, mice) that had been in the forest, the ear plays an important role for their survival. Each ear functions as an organ of balance, and the area of the inner ear (by any activity during hunt, evasion of ambush, combat or attack by a human) suffers a rupture, causing disorientation and loss of balance of the animal, making it vulnerable.
Sight provides information on the environment and helps direct movements. The vision depends on the eyes, which are spherical bodies which contain cells that are sensitive to light.
In vertebrates, the walls of the eyes have three overlapping membranes: the sclera, choroid and retina. In the retina, sensitive cells to the light are found: rods and canes.
Rods are more numerous than cones and are very sensitive to light. Thanks to them we can see when there is poor lighting.
In contrast, cones only work when there is a lot of light. They give the feeling of heat and rods black and white images.Did you know...
Most mammals have more rods than cones, giving images in all light-dark. The eyes of the cats shine at night when light focuses on them. Many mammals have a reflective layer behind their retina. This layer of reflective cells functions as if it were a mirror, increasing the incidence of images on the retina, since rays pass through back and forth, increasing their chance of seeing.
Each animal sees the world in their own way, since the number of light-sensitive cells varies with each species.
The lynx sees its prey at these distances: Deer: 500m, Huilotas: 400m, Rabbits 300m, Mice 75m. Birds have a more complex color vision system than ours. Hawks, for example, can see a 2.5 cm grasshopper at a distance of 500 meters. Its photosensitive cells have up to 5 different pigments, detecting more shades than we do. Deer do not recognize targets at 50 meters because they see in gray tones. For them it is more important to detect the movements and to avoid being depredated, than to see the colors of the objectives; in addition, they lack cones. Rattlesnakes (Crotalus basiliscus) have infrared vision. The body of the prey emits infrared rays to the outside from its hot bodies, which the viper senses by means of its thermosensitive phosphates that can detect tiny changes of temperature of up to 0.003° centigrade!
It is a chemical sense that allows us to identify dissolved substances (DS). When the substances reach the palate, they are detected by sensory cells called chemoreceptors (CR). When both are in contact (CR-DS) they generate nerve sensations that allow the detection of the taste without there being special nerves for the sense of the taste.
The taste receptors are called taste buds and are made up of two kinds of cells: the supporting cells (which shape and support the structure) and the taste cells.
The amount of gustatory cells that exist in each taste bud may vary. Each of these cells has a tiny tab at the end and in mammals this extends into the interior of the gustatory pore.Did you know...
Taste is very important for mammals, since it provides information of food that is eaten, so they can notice the presence of poison or decaying meat. The vertebrate tongue is a fleshy organ that lies within the oral cavity. Mammals have taste receptors in different parts of the epithelium of the mouth and pharynx but most of them are in the papillae of the tongue. Of all animals, only mammals possess moving lips; besides, their language is the most developed of all.
In felines, such as the puma, the epithelium that covers their tongue is very cornified, consequently, the surface of their tongue is very rigid, helping them to clean the flesh out of bones. In insects, the presence of taste receptors in the legs is also very frequent, such as bees, through which they detect the presence of sugary substances and "warn" their companions. For birds taste is not an important sense, most of them have a horny tongue that is devoid of taste buds. In those that feed on grain, this sense is less developed. A bird that looks for seeds pecks the sand of the ground, thanks to this it knows if it has caught something tasty or not. Scientists believe they learn it after experiencing it. Woodpeckers have an incredibly long tongue, at the tip of which are thin, pointed spikes used to catch insect larvae and prevent them from escaping, just like harpoons!
Smell is the sense that allows you to recognize and differentiate present chemical substances in the air. The sensitive organ for smelling is located in the interior of the nostrils.
These are part of the respiratory tract and are totally covered by sensitive mucosa, which is called pituitary; plus, it serves maintain the necessary conditions of heat and humidity and also to condition the inspired air, even when it is too hot or too cold.Did you know...
The sense of smell is used for various functions, to detect food, water at great distances, to guide during migrations, to recognize their territories, to reproduce and to detect members of the family.
For example, arthropods use the sense of smell to detect chemical weapons from other arthropods. Some give off strong odors to warn the colony and individuals of the same species that there is some danger, or even detect their predators, who prefer to evade the species emitting such foul smells.Why do snakes stick out their tongue constantly?
All snakes, even those that are not poisonous, pull it out constantly to collect information from the fragrant particles they find allowing them to detect the conditions of the environment as well as the location of their food easily.